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In 1606, James VI gave orders for a British flag to be created which bore the combined crosses of St. According to the Flag Institute, a membership-run vexillological charity, it is often stated that the Union Flag should only be described as the Union Jack when flown in the bows of a warship, but this is a relatively recent idea.From early in its life the Admiralty itself frequently referred to the flag as the Union Jack, whatever its use, and in 1902 an Admiralty circular announced that Their Lordships had decided that either name could be used officially.In March 1899 Churchill wrote to his mother from India about her plans to produce a new trans-Atlantic magazine, to be called The Anglo-Saxon Review.The drawing at the end of this letter was deliberately mischievous, teasing her for going down-market, and in the accompanying letter he wrote, "Your title 'The Anglo Saxon' with its motto 'Blood is thicker than water' only needs the Union Jack & the Star Spangled Banner crossed on the cover to be suited to one of Harmsworth’s [a leading British newspaper owner] cheap Imperialist productions." More recently, Reed's Nautical Almanac (1990 edition) unambiguously states: "The Union Flag, frequently but incorrectly referred to as the Union Jack, ..." and later: "8.The flag combines aspects of three older national flags: the red cross of St George of the Kingdom of England, the white saltire of St Andrew for Scotland (which two were united in the first Union Flag), and the red saltire of St Patrick to represent Ireland.Notably, the home country of Wales is not represented separately in the Union Flag, being only indirectly represented through the cross of St George, which represents the former Kingdom of England (which included Wales).For comparison with another anglophone country with a large navy: the Jack of the United States specifically refers to the flag flown from the jackstaff of a warship, auxiliary or other U. governmental entity."the Union flag shall be azure, the crosses-saltires of St. Patrick quartered per saltire counter changed argent and gules; the latter fimbriated of the second [viz., argent]; surmounted by the cross of St.George of the third [viz., gules], fimbriated as the saltire [viz., argent]." The Union Jack is normally twice as long as it is tall, a ratio of 1:2.
Whether the term Union Jack applies only when used as a jack flag on a ship is a modern matter of debate.
"Until the early 17th century England and Scotland were two entirely independent kingdoms.
This changed dramatically in 1603 on the death of Elizabeth I of England.
The size and power of the Royal Navy internationally at the time could also explain why the flag was named the "Union Jack"; considering the navy was so widely utilised and renowned by the United Kingdom and colonies, it is possible that the term jack occurred because of its regular use on all British ships using the jack staff (a flag pole attached to the bow of a ship).
The term Union Jack possibly dates from Queen Anne's time (r. It may come from the 'jack-et' of the English or Scottish soldiers, or from the name of James I who originated the first union in 1603.
or Union Flag, is the national flag of the United Kingdom.